Wednesday, February 21, 2024

Noise pollution causes many health hazards among Mumbaikars

Mumbai- Noise pollution defined as unwanted or disturbing sounds. It receives far less attention than air or water pollution because it cannot be seen, tasted, or smelled. Noise pollution is dangerous; it has negative long-term impacts on humans, marine life, and terrestrial life and hampers biodiversity. As cities continue to grow, noise pollution is becoming a threat to the environment. There are many sources of noise pollution in residential environments such as in a poorly planned housing system (side-by-side industrial and residential buildings), plumbing, boilers, generators, air conditioners, fans, vacuum cleaners and various kitchen appliances. Outdoor noise pollution is mainly due to road noise, city traffic noise, rising construction activities, festivals, religious places, public gatherings, and private functions.

Giving more information about this, DrBinhi Desai ENT and Voice Surgeon- Otorhinolaryngologist at Apex Superspeciality Hospital, Borivali, says, “Noise pollution is a silent killer. It can have serious effects on adults and children. It can have effects on the hearing system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, neurological and psychological system. It can affect the hearing system and cause eardrum injuries with temporary and permanent hearing loss, tinnitus, ear pain. It can affect the cardiovascular system and cause hypertension, palpitations, and tachycardia. It can affect the respiratory system and cause breathlessness. It can affect the neurological system giving rise to headaches, excessive stress levels, migraine, sleep difficulties, insomnia, concentration difficulties, impaired cognitive performance and memory problems.  Noise poses a serious threat to a child's physical and psychological health as well, and may negatively interfere with a child's learning and behavior.”

The WHO classifies noise above 65 dB as pollution. Road noise and city traffic noise pollute the most. Car horns are 90 dB, and bus horns are 100 dB. There are fewer airplanes flying over cities than cars on the highways, but each aircraft produces 130 dB. Construction activities like drilling emit 110 dB. Every year the noise level increases by one decibel (db ) in Mumbai. According to a preliminary study, the city is becoming increasingly noisy and this year, the average noise levels have touched 78 db while the recommended day-time norm for residential areas is 55 db.

Apex Group of Hospitals is a chain of Hospitals managed and run by expert Medical Professionals with experience of 25 years. Currently Apex group of Hospitals manage more than 350+ beds and provide qualitative healthcare services to the people of Mumbai and surrounding areas. Apex Hospitals is located in Borivali, Kandivali & Mulund.


Anonymous said...

Thank you Dr Binhi for this insightful information. Appreciate your effort in spreading awareness on this important topic

Dr Binhi Desai said...

Glad it was helpful.

Anonymous said...

Nice information Dr. Binhi, thanks

Dr Binhi Desai said...

Happy to know it was helpful